The Ministry of Environmental Protection announced July 20 that the Convention on the water Minamata on Mercury will enter into force on August 16, 2017 and that since 2021 China will eliminate the production and use of mercury-containing batteries and fluorescent lamps as required by the water Minamata Convention on Mercury. By 2032, all primary mercury ore mines will be shut down.
Yulifeng, Deputy director of the Environmental Protection Department for Environmental Protection, released a press conference on China's performance timetable: From 2021 onwards, China will eliminate the mercury-containing water Minamata convention, the production and use of fluorescent products; VCM (vinyl chloride, will produce mercury-containing wastewater) production industry to achieve the use of unit products in 2021 reduced by 50% (on the basis of 2010); to 2032, to shut down the mining of all primary mercury mines; for emissions from coal-fired electric fields, complete emission preparation in 2020, clear key control sources, Identify emission reduction targets and measures.
In order to implement the Convention, the Ministry of Environmental Protection has revised a number of mercury-related emission standards in conjunction with relevant departments, assessed the current situation of 10 major mercury-related industries and initiated the preparation of the Strategic Action Plan, Yulifeng introduced. The next step will be to control the source, reduce, develop alternative technology to jointly promote the use of mercury industry reduction, there are plans and steps to carry out the management of mercury-containing wastes and contaminated sites.
The Convention on the water Minamata of Mercury is a new global convention in the field of environment and health in the last decade to encourage the Government to take concrete measures to control man-made mercury pollution.
Mercury, commonly known as Mercury, is the only liquid metal at room temperature and is used in a variety of products and processes. The production, use and emission of mercury and its compounds can cause environmental pollution, which causes the neurological, immune and reproductive system dysfunction of human and mammalian animals, especially for fetuses and pregnant women. UNEP data show that global mercury emissions are up to 8900 tonnes per year.
China is the world's largest producer and emitter of Mercury, in order to prevent environmental mercury pollution, mercury has been listed as one of the key control of heavy metals. In fact, in the early Twelve-Five, Mercury has been included in one of the 5 priority control heavy metals, and the prevention and control of atmospheric mercury emission pollution has been proposed.
The Convention on the Water Minamata on Mercury was adopted by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in October 2013 and was signed by our country as the first signatories. April 2016 12th session of the National People's Congress approved in October 2013 by representatives of the PRC government in Xiongben signed the "Water Minamata Convention on Mercury." According to the United Nations Environment Programme, so far, the Convention has a total of 128 signatories.