Some hospital nurseries are designed to accommodate newborn babies, and are used to setting them up for long periods of illumination.Studies have found that this changming environment may cause a disturbance in the rhythm of newborn sleep and wakefulness.
Tohoku university and Vanderbilt university joint research team in the United States a paper just published in the journal pediatrics study said, the experimental results show that the long time lighting would disrupt baby mice brain governing sleep and wake rhythms circadian clock, and the mechanism of the human body biological clock and rats the same basic, so long out environment on the newborn may produce the same effect.
Tohoku university affiliated hospital doctors said, the light effect on neonatal clock may be the same as the pups, therefore the newborn of the living environment of the light and shade should conform to the nature of the alternation of day and night.
In addition, the newborn is sensitive to the stimulation of the light, and the indoor light is too bright or too dark, it is harmful to the newborn brain development.The high intensity of the fluorescent lighting in the room, the sun direct illuminate, leads to a certain degree of adverse effects on the neonate glare stimulation can make the higher probability of neonatal retinopathy, sustainable lighting can cause the baby body clock rule changes, sleep capacity reduction.
Requirements for interior lighting design of neonates.
So, how to set the newborn indoor lighting?
1, the baby's room had better be daylight: natural light of sufficient energy and ultraviolet exposure to indoor, to the health of the baby is very good, but also the embodiment of the full day and dark, is good for babies grow up, and sufficient light helps baby's eyesight, but mothers must pay attention to the direct sunlight baby's face, especially the eyes.
2. Overall and local methods can be adopted when lighting:
As a whole: the baby is playing, can adopt overall lighting provide adequate lighting, can make the room warm, baby to a sense of security, and help the baby to eliminate fear when playing alone.
Local: general evening can adopt the dimmer lamp of local lighting, dim the lights and open to turn off the lights when also won't frighten the baby, or install a small night light, in the care of the baby, it is very convenient.
3, ensure that all lights surface brightness is low: the baby room light source, to ensure that all the light surface is low brightness, or put the light on the wall, ceiling or other surface reflection.In the evening or at night, such as the special needs, had better not open room lights, but open to other room lights, such as toilet, the lamp of the sitting room, a door left unlocked the door, came some dim, weak light.
If the baby is sleeping with his parents and lights are needed at night, try to turn on a warm night light.
4, newborn is more sensitive to the stimulation of light: indoor light is too bright or too dark, it is not good for the newborn brain development.The high intensity of the fluorescent lighting in the room, the sun direct illuminate, leads to a certain degree of adverse effects on the neonate glare stimulation can make the higher probability of neonatal retinopathy, sustainable lighting can cause the baby body clock rule changes, sleep capacity reduction.
The expert warns: the baby should not turn on the light to sleep.
Scientists have discovered that any artificial light source produces a subtle light pressure.The long-term existence of this light stress can make people, especially infants and young children, appear restless and restless, making it difficult to sleep.At the same time, let the baby sleep under the light for a long time, thus affecting the reticular activating system, resulting in shortened sleep time, shallow sleep and easy to wake up.
In addition, the baby is long in the light sleep, also can affect the normal development of the vision.We know that the benefits of dimming sleep are that the eyes and ciliary muscles are fully rested.Sleep in the light for a long time, the light will continue to stimulate the eyes, and the eyes and ciliary muscles will not be fully rested.For infants and young children, it is extremely easy to cause damage to the retina, which affects the normal development of vision.