As the world’s population continues to grow, it is projected that by 2050, it will approach 10 billion people. To feed a huge new population, grain production needs to increase by 60% to 70% accordingly. However, the global arable land is not enough to meet the needs. How to effectively use the urban idle space to produce food has become an important topic for the time being. With the rise of environmental awareness among urban residents and the deepening of green life, coupled with the rapid advancement of related technologies, urban agriculture has become a trend in various countries in recent years. It not only creates job opportunities, but also expands urban green space, produces locally, and Consumption can shorten the distance from food sources to the table, which is beneficial to energy conservation and carbon reduction.
It's common for urbanites to study as farmers and play real-estate happy farms in their own courtyards, balconies, and rooftops. But high-end department stores in the center of Paris, France, also run an aerial garden, which is refreshing. The roof of Lafayette (Galeon Lafayette) department store on the prosperous street of Huadu is planned by a group of agricultural engineers and architects of the company Strawberry Straw, creating a huge vegetable and fruit garden, which can provide about 1.8 metric tons of food to Paris citizens each year. Strawberry is its bulk.
The Department has adopted vertical agricultural methods that are nowadays well-known, abandoned soil, applied layered elevated patented biofilms to plant food crops, and used special filtered air-conditioning wastewater and rainwater to bring the nutrients needed for plant growth. The foundation of this soilless and hydroponic cultivation is biofilm. It is mainly made of animal fibers such as waste wool with non-woven value. The cost is low and the construction method is simple. It is economical and environmentally friendly. As a result, vertical department stores and shopping malls in Paris and other cities are springing up.
The mayor of Paris, Ida song, encouraged the public with a new law to be a gardener in a public space. He hoped that by 2020, he could create 100 hectares of new vegetation, such as vegetation walls and green roofs. One-third of them will contribute to urban agriculture. ), production of food. This adds to the conditions of food and land consumption in densely populated and sparsely populated Paris. It also further enhances the urban landscape, enhances the city’s biodiversity, and contributes to ecological balance.
Growing food demand LED lighting boosts vertical farm development
The left picture shows the indoor vertical farm developed by Infarm in Germany, and the right picture shows the German Infarm company is installing a vertical farm (Source: Infarm)
On the other hand, the Metro supermarket chain in the German capital, Berlin, cooperates with Infarm, a company that develops urban indoor agriculture, to promote an indoor vertical farm plan to grow fruits and vegetables directly in the supermarket. Receive fresh ingredients to buy.
Infarm is committed to growing food in a variety of impossible places. It makes use of old containers to make stackable high-rise modular planting boxes. In this vertical farm, an Internet-controlled irrigation and nutrient supply system simulates sunlight. To assist in planting photosynthesis LED lighting, and equipped with multiple sensing devices to monitor crop conditions, consumers can also understand the food growth process in real time through the network.
Vertical walkways cover supermarkets in supermarkets, occupying only a few square meters of small space in the supermarket, and can be extended upwards. The biggest advantage is that the supermarket infrastructure is complete, without any additional build or adjustment, just to install the system, you can Start working. It is beneficial to reduce the cost of food transportation, warehousing and preservation, and is highly favored by consumers.